13 Rare Dog Breeds You Probably Didn’t Know Exists

Almost everyone loves dogs; this is why you can find at least one of the two in most households. According to statistics, 47% of Americans have dogs.

Which will make you think that you have probably seen all the dog and cat breeds out there, right?

Well, you are wrong; some rare dog breeds haven’t been domesticated or would be domesticated soon enough.

But knowing them can help us better understand what needs to be done to save these amazing creatures.


1. Bush Dog


The bush dog (Speothos venaticus) is a canid found in Central and South America.[1][2] Despite its extensive range, it is very rare in most areas except in Suriname, Guyana, and Peru;[2][3] it was first identified by Peter Wilhelm Lund from fossils in Brazilian caves and was believed to be extinct.[3] The bush dog is the only living species in the genus Speothos [1]. Genetic evidence suggests that its closest living relative is the maned wolf of central South America[4] or the African wild dog.[5] The species is listed as Near Threatened by the IUCN.

In Brazil it is called cachorro-vinagre (“vinegar dog”) or cachorro-do-mato (“bush dog”). In Spanish-speaking countries it is called perro vinagre (“vinegar dog”), zorro vinagre (“vinegar fox”), perro de agua (“water dog”), or perro de monte (“forest dog”). Wikipedia


2. Hoary Fox


The hoary fox is a species of Zorro or “false” fox endemic to Brazil. Unlike many other foxes, it feeds primarily on small invertebrates such as insects.


3. New Guinea Singing Dog


The New Guinea singing dog is named for its unique vocalization.


4. Bat-Eared Fox


The bat-eared fox is a species of fox found on the African savanna, named for its large ears, which are used for thermoregulation.


5. Raccoon Dog


The raccoon dog is a canid indigenous to East Asia. It is the only extant species in the genus Nyctereutes. It is considered a basal canid species, resembling ancestral forms of the family.


6. Ethiopian Wolf


The Ethiopian wolf is a canid native to the Ethiopian Highlands. It is similar to the coyote in size and build and is distinguished by its long and narrow skull and its red and white fur.


7. Darwin’s Fox


Darwin’s fox or Darwin’s Zorro is a small Endangered canine that lives on Nahuelbuta National Park (Araucanía Region), the Valdivian Coastal Range (Los Ríos Region) in mainland Chile and Chiloé Island.


8. Island Fox


The island fox is a small fox that is native to six of the eight Channel Islands of California.


9. Culpeo


The culpeo, sometimes known as the zorro culpeo or Andean fox (wolf), is a South American species of fox. It is the second-largest native canid on the continent, after the maned wolf. In appearance, it bears many similarities to the widely recognized red fox. It has grey and reddish fur, a white chin, reddish legs, and a stripe on its back that may be barely visible.


10. Dhole

Rare Dog Breeds

The dhole is a canid native to Central, South, and Southeast Asia. Other English names for the species include the Asiatic wild dog, Indian wild dog, whistling dog, red wolf (not to be confused with Canis rufus), red dog, and mountain wolf.


11. Painted Dog



The African wild dog, African hunting dog, or African painted dog is a canid native to Sub-Saharan Africa.


12. Crab-Eating Fox


The crab-eating fox is an extant species of medium-sized canid endemic to the central part of South America.

13. Maned Wolf



The maned wolf is the largest canid of South America. Its markings resemble those of foxes, but it is not a fox, nor is it a wolf, as it is not closely related to other canids.

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